James West

May include blinky lights. And cocktails.

Page 2 of 2

Raspberry Pi internet radio

Last week I finished making my second Raspberry Pi powered internet radio.

Raspberry Pi Radio

Here’s a list of the hardware I used.

  • Raspberry Pi Zero
  • Pimoroni Speaker pHat amp
  • Protozero prototyping board
  • Adafruit 7 segment display backpack
  • 4 ohm 3 watt speaker, two buttons and a potentiometer from my box of bits and pieces
  • USB wifi adapter (if only there was a Pi Zero with wireless built in…)
  • Muji photo frame

The radio is a development of one I made a year ago, which borrowed heavily from the many internet radios Giles Booth has made.

I prototyped the hardware by stringing everything together with croc-clips and a breadboard. I removed the small speaker from the Speaker pHat and soldered some solid core wires onto the pads to hook-up the bigger speaker.

Raspberry Pi Radio

The code is based on Giles’, but I’ve modified it to use GPIO Zero and have added a second button which shuts the Pi down. The program runs clock.py as a subprocess, which is Adafruit’s code to display a clock on the 7 seg.

#!/usr/bin/python

import time
import os
import subprocess
import sys
from gpiozero import Button
from subprocess import check_call

pid = subprocess.Popen([sys.executable, "clock.py"])

def shutdown():
   check_call(['sudo', 'poweroff'])

shutdown_btn = Button(17, hold_time=3)
shutdown_btn.when_held = shutdown

# pause()

button = Button(23)

# set station to 5 live
station = 5

os.system("mpc play " + str(station))

while True:
  button.wait_for_press()
  station += 1
  # Assumes there are 7 stations
  if station > 7:
     station = 1
  os.system("mpc play "  + str(station))
  # pause to debounce - is quite long as found the buttons quite bouncy
  time.sleep(1.0)

You can also find the code on GitHub.

Once I was happy it all worked as expected I drew a template of the Muji photo frame on graph paper to get the layout of the components right and mark up where I would need to drill holes. The small holes weren’t any trouble, and were easily made in the two layers of the frame with my Dremel set to low speed. The larger holes were more of a problem and I destroyed one frame before discovering that masonry drill bits seemed to work better than any other I had. As bits of Perspex splintered around me I was glad to be wearing safety glasses! The back sheet needed a window cutting out of it for the 7 segment display to poke through. Again my Dremel was the best tool I had for this, and I managed to get a reasonably tidy hole cut.

I spray painted the back of the top sheet of acrylic white and mounted everything on it before doing the soldering. Finally I hot glued the 7 segment display into place.

This is the triple-deck arrangement of boards with the Speaker-pHat at the bottom, Protozero in the middle and Raspberry Pi Zero on top.

Speaker-pHat, Protozero and Raspberry Pi Zero triple stack

There are more photos here.

I’ve a few ideas for future modifications:

  • Work out how to get the VU meter on the front of the Speaker pHat pumping
  • Or use the LEDs to indicate which station I’m listening to
  • Make it tweet whenever I change stations (can I code it to only tweet after a station has been streaming for ten seconds so it doesn’t go crazy when I change from 5 live to Radio 2?)

Inamorata

My mother-in-law read Victoria Henry’s “A Night on the Orient Express” which includes a recipe for a cocktail called the Inamorata. Knowing that we like a cocktail, she passed this on we’ve been regularly enjoying these ever since. The ingredients are inspired by the journey from London through Paris onto Venice.

  • 25ml lemon juice
  • 50 ml London dry gin
  • 25 ml Cointreau
  • Prosecco

The lemon juice, gin and Cointreau are shaken with ice cubes, strained into a glass and topped up with prosecco. It’s a delicious and refreshing drink that has entirely dishonourable intentions, and if you risk a second one it will try to take advantage of you.

Inamorata

eInk Twitter display

Last year I made this Twitter display using a Raspberry Pi Zero and a PaPiRus eInk display.

I loaded the code to GitHub and it’s recently been merged with the main demo code that PiSupply provides for their customers, which I was pretty excited about.

Christmas Celebrations – chocolate box LEDs with music

Nothing says “Christmas” like a box of Celebrations – especially one that plays Christmassy music and is lit with LEDs.

Untitled

I’ve finished the code so that it now randomly chooses one of fifteen snippets from different Christmas songs to play while the LEDs gently pulse. With the addition of some jumper wires you can now choose from several sets of Poundland LEDs in different styles and colours.

Merry Christmas LEDs
Christmas Celebrations

If you want to look at the code, here it is:

Christmas celebration lights

At the end of my previous post I set a list of potential improvements to the Little Box of Horrors I’d made for Halloween.

This is the list..

  • At the moment it plays the same sound every time the button is pressed, but it’d be nice to play a random selection from a playlist of sounds
  • The lights could flicker and flash while the sound plays instead of being constantly on
  • If the sounds are of varying lengths the lights should only be on for as long as each sound plays
  • The lights and sounds could be swapped for Christmas or other gaudily celebrated occasions
  • Spray paint and decorate the box to be a bit less chocolate-boxy
  • Re-write it in gpiozero

Earlier this week I’d a pleasant afternoon cutting and soldering wires. I cut the connections between the Raspberry Pi and the LEDs and soldered jumper wires on so they’re now swappable.

 

Jumper wires

I also returned to Poundland and got a couple of packs of Christmas LEDs. As with the Halloween lights I cut the battery boxes off and soldered jumper wires to the ends, taking care to use red or black jumpers to indicate the polarity of the connections. Now I can choose Christmas or Halloween lights for the box.

Having had fun with hardware I thought I’d better have another go at the code, so I’ve re-written it in GPIO Zero, and discovered as a bonus that it’s really easy to control the LEDs with PWM so you can make them gently pulse on and off.

So in a couple of sessions I’ve crossed three items off my list!

  • At the moment it plays the same sound every time the button is pressed, but it’d be nice to play a random selection from a playlist of sounds
  • The lights could flicker and flash while the sound plays instead of being constantly on
  • If the sounds are of varying lengths the lights should only be on for as long as each sound plays
  • The lights and sounds could be swapped for Christmas or other gaudily celebrated occasions
  • Spray paint and decorate the box to be a bit less chocolate-boxy
  • Re-write it in gpiozero

Here’s the code:

Little box of horrors – Halloween hacking with pound shop LED lights

Inspired by Les Pounder’s hacking, I spent a quid on some LED pumpkin lights and thought I’d make something fun for the trick-or-treaters this year. I wanted the lights to come on and a spooky sound effect to play when a button is pressed on my little box of horrors.

Halloween lights

As Les suggested I removed the battery box from the LEDs, and then extended the wires with some hook up wire. I also found and edited some nice spooky sfx, which I saved onto the Zero.

The Raspberry Pi Zero has no audio output, so I added a pHAT DAC from Pimoroni; remembering to use extended headers so I could later add a ProtoZero board to tidily solder the wires onto.

Halloween lights

For the first prototype I connected the LEDs to a GPIO pin and the ground pin and started by writing some code that just made them come on and then go off again after a few seconds. Next I added a button which switched the lights on. Finally I used Pygame mixer to play the audio file at the same time as the lights come on.

The code looks like this:

# Import Python libraries
import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import time
import pygame
# Set the GPIO caming convention
GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
GPIO.setwarnings(False)
# Set the GPIO pins for button input and LED output
GPIO.setup(3, GPIO.IN, pull_up_down = GPIO.PUD_DOWN)
GPIO.setup(24, GPIO.OUT)
pygame.mixer.init()
pygame.mixer.load(Laugh.wav)
while True:
if(GPIO.input(3) ==0):
GPIO.output(24, GPIO.HIGH)
pygame.mixer.music.play()
time.sleep (10)
GPIO.output(24, GPIO.LOW)
GPIO.cleanup

I went back to my favourite Instructable on launching Python scripts at startup and then set about cramming it all – including USB powered speakers and a USB power bank – into a Celebrations box that I’d kept because it looked useful. I drilled a small hole in the side to pass the LED’s wires through, and a big hole in the lid for an arcade button. It’s a bit of a squeeze to get to the lid on, but it all just about fits in.

Halloween lights

There are plenty of things I could do to make this better. For instance…

  • At the moment it plays the same sound every time the button is pressed, but it’d be nice to play a random selection from a playlist of sounds
  • The lights could flicker and flash while the sound plays instead of being constantly on
  • If the sounds are of varying lengths the lights should only be on for as long as each sound plays
  • The lights and sounds could be swapped for Christmas or other gaudily celebrated occasions
  • Spray paint and decorate the box to be a bit less chocolate-boxy
  • Re-write it in gpiozero
Newer posts »

© 2017 James West

Theme by Anders NorenUp ↑